Frequently asked USDA RURAL Housing Loan questions

Each day we receive many questions regarding the USDA mortgage here in Florida. Below we have outlined some of the most frequently asked USDA Rural Housing home loan questions.

Do you have a question?  Just submit the info quick request form to the right side → and a USDA RD Loan Specialist will contact you. We try to respond to all submitted requests within 15 min during business hours. Florida & Georgia only please.

Question: Is the USDA Rural Housing program only for first time home buyers? J.Levy – North Port, FL

Answer: No! the program can be used by any qualified home buyer – not reserved for only first time homeowners. However, applicants that currently own a home will have additional restrictions.

Question: Will I required to take some kind of first time home buyers class with the USDA loan program? F. Simmons – Winter Haven, FL

Answer: No class or education is required with the USDA loan!

Question:  Can I include closing costs into my USDA loan? H Kincaid  – Gainesville, GA

Answer: Yes, you will have two options to do this.  First, the most common way is to negotiate your contract to have the home seller pay your closing cost. USDA Rural Development will permit the  seller to pay up to 6% of buyers USDA closing costs and prepaid escrow items.  Another option is to roll your closing into your loan given the appraised value is high enough to support it.  To use this option, the home must appraise higher than the sales price. USDA will permit buyers to roll in or include closing costs up to the appraised value of the home, not the just the sales price.  You can also do a combination of these two options. Please click here for more info on closing costs

Question: How much are the USDA loan closing costs and pre-paid escrow items? Also,  will the taxes and home insurance included in my monthly mortgage payment?  J Collier – Tallahassee, FL

Answer:  The exact amount of closing costs, etc will depend on many different variables like your loan amount, current tax assessment on the home, homeowners insurance policy amount, among many other items.  Generally speaking 3-6% of the sales price is a good estimate depending on how high the sale price is.

As for the taxes and home insurance – this will be included or “escrowed” as part of  your monthly mortgage payment, along with the USDA mortgage insurance,  as required by USDA. So your monthly mortgage payment will include Principal, Interest, Taxes, Home Insurance and Mortgage Insurance.  In addition, your taxes and home insurance will automatically be renewed for you each year.

Question:  Does the USDA program have a loan amount limit, or a cap on how much I can borrow ? D. McCoy – Port St. Lucie, FL

Answer: There is no loan amount limit with the USDA RD program, home buyers qualify based on their debt and income. Please read here for more info on USDA loan amount limits.  Also read 2015 USDA purchase loan limits here for purchase price limit calculation example.

Question: I found the perfect USDA eligible home, but it needs some repairs. Can I borrow extra money in my loan to pay for new carpet and a new fence in the back yard?  J Vasquez – Winter Haven FL

Answer: Short answer is no, only closing costs can be included in your loan – assuming the appraised value is higher than sales price.

Question: I was reading the USDA housing program allows for 102% financing – does this mean we can receive 2% extra for repairs or money back. N. Zimmerman – Naples FL

Answer: The USDA 2% guarantee fee is the one time funding fee that is required by USDA Rural Housing.  All government loan programs require the funding fee, this fee is included or rolled into your loan amount.  Please click here to read a similar question. In addition to this, the USDA loan also requires a monthly mortgage insurance premium like FHA loans but much $$ less each month. ( most know this as PMI)

Question: I found a home that I like, but it has some issues with the roof and electrical.  Will this pass USDA home inspection requirements ? L. Jefferson – Cape Coral, FL

Answer: USDA ( like FHA and VA) follow many of the same HUD requirements when it comes to the property condition.  Generally speaking –  any safety, electrical, plumbing, structural, HVAC, Roof, or WDO termite issues will probably need to be corrected before closing.  It really depends on the seriousness of the problem and whether it will be required to be corrected before closing. Keep in mind many bank owned homes are being sold “as is” they will not correct or repair anything in most cases.  The house has to generally be in decent overall condition.  Now this doesn’t mean the house as to be perfect, every house has some little issues that are to be expected.  The idea is to insure home buyers are purchasing a home in generally sound condition and don’t get in over their head with serious problems right after closing. Homebuyers looking to purchase a home that needs extensive repairs ( and money to do so) should read about the FHA 203K loan.

Question:  What houses are approved for USDA mortgage financing in my area? What type of properties are permitted?  Jose V – Clermont, FL

Answer:  USDA Rural housing is for ANY single family home, townhome, condo that is located in a USDA eligible location.  The house can be a short sale home, bank foreclosure,  REO, for sale by owner….doesn’t matter.  The important factor is the physical location of the home, it must be located in a Florida rural housing approved location. Existing mobile manufactured homes are not permitted under the USDA program. Building a new home on your own land or lot is also not permitted. However, purchasing a new home (new construction) from a builder is permitted.  Click here to view the USDA map for FL as this will show you all the approved locations in FL.  Many locations just outside of Orlando, Jacksonville, Tampa are currently eligible. Do not assume your location is not USDA Rural housing eligible before checking or calling us, you may be surprised!  If your location is not USDA approved, be sure to check into the FHA home loan here. FHA is a great alternative for home buyers looking to purchase in more populated locations.

Question:  I put a contract in a home and was wondering if I need to pay a deposit of some sort?  J. Bryan – Ocala, FL

Answer:  Typically a deposit will be required from the seller to show your “good intentions” on following through with the purchase.  This is often called a escrow binder deposit or good faith deposit ,etc.  For homes in the $100,000 – $200,000 range – typically a $500- $1,000 deposit is customary in Florida.  Some buyers may decide to give more to strengthen their offer and make it look better.  Any deposit money paid in advance will be applied towards the purchase of the home.  Buyers will often times get this deposit money back in the event of appraisal, financing or home inspection issues. It really depends on the contingencies written into the contract, but the items listed above are pretty standard. Insure you check with your realtor.

Question: I owned a home a few years ago, can I purchase a new home with USDA loans. I thought the USDA program was only for first time home buyers? D Clayton – High Springs, FL

Answer: Yes you can! Any qualified buyer can use the USDA program to purchase their next home. The program is not reserved only for first time homeowners.

Question: Is there any USDA loan restriction on how long I must live in my home, or when I can sell my home? B. Gadsden – Port St. Lucie, FL

Answer: No, the USDA mortgage does NOT have any prepayment or early payoff penalty. You can pay off your loan and/or sell your home whenever you like without restriction.

Question: Is there a limit on how much income your household can make each year with the Rural Development program ?  Where do I find this information? L. Bolden – Brandon FL

Answer: Yes, each county has a different limit based on a verify of factors  – number or members in the household, elderly and disabilities. Please click the underlined link to read more about USDA income limits in Florida.  Please remember, the USDA income limits apply to ALL members in the household that generate income, not only the parties on the loan application. The only exception to this is working Full time students.  If they work, their max income included is $480.00 per year…regardless of how much they make.   However, if they are a dependant, this income can be off set and canceled because households always take a $480 deduction for dependents.  If your income appears to be close to the limit, please contact us so we can formally review with you. We are always happy to help.

Question:  My income is currently under the USDA Collier County limit right now, what happens if I get a raise at my job and my income goes over the limit in the future?  J. Carney – Marco Island, FL

Answer: The only concern is your household income at the time of closing, not in the future.

Question:  What kind of credit score do I need to pre qualify for a USDA loan?  J Duval – Sarasota, FL

Answer: We currently require a minimum credit score of 640.  However, this min credit score requirement does not guarantee USDA financing. USDA Rural housing has other requirements in place for borrowers that have any past bankruptcy, foreclosure, or short sales.  Mortgage qualifying requirements have changed dramatically over recent years, and still are. Contact today for the latest approval requirements.

Question: I understand the USDA loan is 100% financing. But I have some money saved up and I would like to contribute a down payment, can I do that?   K. Stanford – Spring Hill FL

Answer: For sure! USDA will permit buyers to put 3%, 5%, etc down payment if they choose. However, the program is geared toward buyers that do not have the means ( down payment) for a conventional home loan.  If you have 20% for a down payment for example, you will do a standard conventional mortgage.

Question: My realtor informed me that I cannot get a USDA loan if the house has a pool, is this correct? A. Myers  – Lakeland FL

Answer:  Pools are permitted with the USDA program. In the past, the value of the pool could not be included in the home appraisal. However, as of December 1st 2014 this rule has changed to INCLUDE the contributory value of any in ground pool into the property value.  Basically USDA views pool the same now as other loan programs.

Question:  I found a property I would like to write a offer on today. But the house is located on a dirt road and my lender said USDA program requirements will not permit this.  Can you clarify this for me before I submit my offer. J Spencer – Homosassa FL

Answer: USDA follows HUD handbook requirements on road guidelines. Basically the road must provide safe vehicle and public access from a public or private road.  Additionally, all roads are required to have an all weather surface and maintained by a road maintenance agreement by all home owners on the street or homeowners association.  Some dirt roads (county maintained especially) are fine and generally approved.  Please contact us for additional clarification.

Question: Can I use the 100% USDA loan to purchase an investment home?   W. Quinn – Palm Coast FL

Answer: USDA can only be used to purchase a primary residence. Second home and investments properties financing are not permitted.

Question: I have determined that my area in Lee County is eligible for the USDA housing.  What do I need to get together for the USDA loan application and approval process?  G. Miller –  LeeHigh Acres FL

Answer:  Please click here to read about being prepared for your USDA loan application.

Question: I have my USDA housing application complete and have already started looking at houses online.  Do I need to use a certain realtor for this, or will any real estate agent work?  L. Allen – Sarasota FL

Answer:  Any realtor will be ok, just be sure they are working for you and you are happy with them.  If you need assistance, let us know, we would be happy to make the connection for you. We have great partnering realtors throughout Florida that understand USDA loan well.  Read more about Realtors by clicking here

Question: I was told that the USDA loan takes a real long time to close, is this true? K. Russell – St. Cloud FL

Answer:  As of December 2014 – the entire process in Florida takes about 40 days from full contract to closing. These closing turn times can change, so contact us for updates.  Unlike other home loans, USDA loans go through a two part approval process with the lender and the actual USDA Rural Development office.  Because of this, the process will take a week or so longer when compared to conventional or FHA home loans.  The good news is USDA has implemented their new 3555 rule as of December and this has started to greatly improve loan closing times.  We expect USDA loans closing times to be pretty much the same as all other FHA and Conventional loan programs in 2015.

Question: When is my first mortgage payment due after I close on my USDA loan?  G. Franklin – Leesburg, FL

Answer: You normally skip the following month after closing. Example: let’s say you close on your USDA RD loan on November 6th, your first mortgage payment won’t be due until January 1st.  Same applies to a USDA refinance, you can skip up to two months mortgage payments.

Question: How are the mortgage interest rates on USDA loans compared to other loan programs like FHA, VA, etc?  A. Franklin – Tavares, FL

Answer:  USDA 30 year fixed mortgage interest rates as of November 2014 are pretty much the same as the other government mortgage programs like FHA and VA loans.  However, USDA loans have significantly lower monthly mortgage insurance (PMI) when compared to FHA loans.  In fact the monthly mortgage insurance ( known as annual fee)  is nearly three times less when compared to FHA loans. The FHA loan is currently 1.35% (max 96.5% financing) and the USDA RD program is .50%.  This is important to remember and is a big benefit of USDA loans.  Even if you have enough savings and can do the FHA loan, you may want to consider the USDA loan just for the reduced mortgage insurance costs. Interest rates do change on a weekly, and sometimes daily basis until the homebuyer is locked in. Home Buyers will typically lock in their interest rate once they have found the perfect home and have a contract and set closing date.

Question: My realtor informed me that the USDA property eligibility map was changing October 1st 2014. Many locations that are currently eligible for the 100% USDA program may not be in the near future. Can you clarify?  M. Broward – Kissimmee, FL

Answer:   As of 9/26/2014 –  The US Congress enacted a Fiscal Year 2015 Continuing Resolution (CR) to fund the government through December 11, 2014. The CR included a general provision extending all policies currently in effect. As a result, the CR effectively extends eligibility under the Rural Definition – for all communities that are currently eligible for USDA Rural Housing Programs through the term of the CR – December 11, 2014. USDA Rural Housing postponed all changes to eligibility that were previously scheduled for October 1, 2014. Basically residents in these Fla & GA communities will continue to have access to critical Rural Housing programs for a couple more months, please continue to use the current USDA maps found here.  It is important to note that if Congress further extends the CR, the Rural Definition will also be extended through its term.  Please click here to read more information on the subject and be sure to bookmark our blog for important updates.   Please note, this does not impact homeowners that currently have a USDA loan and want to refinance into a lower interest rate.

Question: Do you have a USDA mortgage payment calculator or some place I can figure up my monthly mortgage payment?  E. Sanders – Lake Placid, FL 

Answer:  For sure, just look down at the lower right side of your screen. There you will find a USDA monthly payment calculator that will include principal, interest, monthly taxes, home insurance, monthly mortgage insurance. Tip – be sure to add 2% to your loan amount to factor in the 2% USDA guarantee fee that will be added to your loan. Example: if you are purchasing a $150,000 home at 100% financing with no down payment, be sure to input $153,000 for your loan amount.

Question: I currently have a USDA loan, what are my options to refinance my loan  into a lower interest rate? I would like to try to lower my monthly payment. Unfortunately I do not have any equity in my home.   L. Sanders – Ocala FL

Answer: Please click here to learn about the USDA Pilot Refinance program available here in Florida.

Do you have a question about the USDA loan application or lender pre approval process? Let us help by calling ph: 904-302-6060 or submitting the quick info request form on the right side  →

Serving Florida & Georgia, please be sure to visit our main site at www.UsdaMortgageSource.com for basic program details.

Purchasing a home, but not located in a Rural Development approved area? Click to learn about the →  FHA Mortgage.

Frequently asked USDA RURAL Housing Loan questions, Q&A, 2014, 2015

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11 Responses to Frequently asked USDA RURAL Housing Loan questions

  1. Cynthia says:

    I’m applying for a USDA loan, but I have a question. I wanted to know is it against the rules for a boyfriend to give money to his girlfriend toward closing cost as a gift ?

    • Great question. Gift money is allowed for USDA loans to help with closing costs. You just want to insure the gift money is documentable and NOT paid in the form of cash. Be sure to make a copy of the check you receive from the gift donor and also make a copy of the deposit slip when you deposit the gift money into your bank account. A standard gift letter will also be required to be signed by both parties, this is something your lender will provide.

  2. Devin says:

    Is true the USDA program end this year in December?No more USDA loan for 2015?

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  6. Hannah says:

    Do I have to add in home owners insurence and taxes to my usda loan or can I pre pay it at the beginning of the year and show them the paper work for it?

    • Your home owners insurance and tax reserves will be escrowed (held back) on your USDA loan when you close. Included in your total closing costs will be 1 year of insurance and so many months of tax reserves. It will also be renewed for you each year after.

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