Buying a home can be a stressful time for most home buyers, especially for first-time home buyers. Below we have outlined some steps of the loan process to help give applicants a snapshot of what to expect. We will also briefly discuss some of the most popular Tennessee first-time buyer programs in 2022.
Mortgage Application – Applying & Pre-Qualification.
Buyers should start the loan pre-approval process about three months before purchasing a home. Pre-qualifying can mean several things depending on the lender you talk to, but generally it involves knowing the following key points – the location you want to purchase, the property type, mortgage type, and down payment amount. From there a loan specialist can talk to you about financing options that fit your needs.
There are many loans available like FHA, VA and USDA, so you should know your best options. The mortgage company will also ask if they can check your credit report. This credit profile report will alert the lender to any credit/financial problems. If you’ve experienced any financial hardships in the past, you should explain that to the lender so they can provide the best alternatives for you.
Next, the lender will most likely ask you a few questions regarding other things about your life such as employment history, address history, bank savings, marital status, ownership of additional properties, and many other questions to help them determine your ability to repay the mortgage. This is a standard procedure in the mortgage process, so please don’t be alarmed. The entire process only takes about 15 minutes to complete.
The following are some additional questions the bank or mortgage company might ask:
Are you a first-time home buyer?
A first-time homeowner has not owned a home in the last three years, or is recently divorced? Why is this important? Because there may be other programs that require a low to $0 down payment, provide a lower interest rate, or even provide down payment and closing cost assistance to new home buyers.
Are you a Veteran?
Many Veterans qualify for 100% VA mortgage financing. In most cases, it is easier to qualify for a VA loan. So, why not use this special benefit? Becoming pre-qualified is an important step in the mortgage process to enable you to get into the right house with the right terms and conditions. Furthermore, getting pre-qualified helps you strengthen your position when negotiating with the seller as they now know that they have a qualified borrower. VA still offers 100% financing with no monthly mortgage insurance costs!
Are you looking to live in a more Rural location in TN?
If so, the 100% USDA rural housing loan may be a perfect choice. USDA offers a government-back 30 year fixed rate loan with no down payment. The home seller can also pay the buyers closing costs. Learn more about USDA loans FAQ’s here. Many of the larger cities like Nashville, Memphis, and Knoxville will not be eligible for USDA loans. However, some of the outlying locations just outside the city are still approved locations!
Making an offer to purchase a home:
Now you have found the perfect property you want and you are ready to make an offer. You must consider what sales price to offer, terms, seller concessions, earnest money, option fee, as well as closing and possession dates.
If you are in a seller’s market, you will be able to negotiate very little. If you are in a buyer’s market, you will be able to get several concessions from the seller. It really just depends on the market you are located in. This is a process that can be best accomplished with the help of a competent and trusted Realtor. The Realtor is also very important because they should always have your best interests in mind when negotiating with the seller. This allows them to stay objective throughout the process even when you become emotionally involved.
Acceptance of the offer:
Acceptance occurs when all parties agree to the price and terms of the contract. At that time, the clock starts ticking to adhere to all details that are outlined in your transaction, home inspection time, appraisal time, etc. You should be sure that all changes are initiated, no matter how insignificant you feel the change is. Absolute agreement and clarity is the key to protecting your rights and expectations for your purchase.
This process is stipulated in your contract and should not be more than five days total from the time you submit the offer to the seller. It is important that this process moves along quickly. Once acceptance occurs, the next few weeks are filled with inspections, appraisals, and many other deadlines that you will need to meet to ensure a smooth closing.
Meeting all deadlines:
Below is a list of some of the things that will happen during this time period:
After all parties have agreed to the terms of the contract and the executed date is filled in, a copy of the contract and the earnest money must be delivered to the title company. The title company, a disinterested third party, must remain neutral throughout the transaction. They will carry out all the instructions of your contract and provide the title insurance.
The address of the title company chosen will be on your contract, so you can communicate freely with them. Generally, your real estate agent will contact the title company for all key factors and they will review your final figures before closing. A good real estate agent can review the HUD-1 (settlement statement) and make sure you have not been incorrectly charged.
Home Inspection Time:
You have the right to do inspections any time prior to closing. Many homebuyers choose to get the property inspected during the option period. In case there are problems found, the buyer can terminate the contract. The option period begins on the executed date of the contract and normally lasts from 7 to 14 days.
If you feel there is a major item that must be addressed after the general inspection is done, your options are:
- Terminate the contract within the option period.
- Propose a lower sales price.
- Request the seller do the named repairs.
- Split the cost of repairs with the seller.
This is when a great Realtor comes in handy.
WDO (Termite) Inspection:
If you are getting a loan, a wood-destroying insect report ( Or WDO) may be required before closing. This report is filled out by a specially licensed inspector and is often done at the time of the general inspection to keep inspection costs down. If you order the general inspection with the termite inspection at the same time, you’ll most likely save yourself a trip charge. This inspection report states if there is a current infestation, there has been an infestation, there are conducive conditions (areas that might attract), or the property has been treated. Please keep in mind that infestation, in general, is easily treatable.
Not to be confused with the home inspection above, the appraisal is required by the lender to ensure the property’s market value and to certify the property meets the required standards. Two important areas to focus on are the appraiser’s value and the lender-required repairs. Although the appraisal belongs to the lender, you typically pay the cost as required by the lender. The law entitles you to a copy of the appraisal before closing.
After the underwriter has reviewed your file, they will approve and send it to the closing department. Loan approval is the full and final approval to get your property closed. Sometimes the loan approval is conditional and you must provide documented proof that either your previous home has closed or a receipt of a paid account. Either way, the loan approval moves you one step closer to owning your property. One major factor that lenders consider when approving your loan is your credit profile.
All repairs are generally done after the loan approval. Sometimes a seller might agree to do them early, but don’t expect this until you have been completely approved for the loan. Repairs include lender-required repairs that must be done prior to the funding of the loan.
Lender required repairs take precedence over all repairs because the loan will not be approved unless they have been completed. Although the required repairs discussed are addressed in the contract, repairs that are needed after you are a homeowner should be a concern to you. A good realtor should always recommend a residential contract to protect you in the coming year.
After repairs are complete, it is always recommended to re-inspect the property. Oftentimes, the general inspector you originally hired will look over the work for a nominal charge. This re-inspection trip is often required by the lender, but should never be skipped. Allow yourself enough time before closing for the re-inspection of items where repairs had been requested.
Before closing on your home loan you must obtain homeowners’ insurance. You will need to provide your insurance agent with the address, square footage, and age of the property. Some insurance companies ask for additional information that can be provided by your real estate agent. Your insurance will not go into effect until your loan has been closed and funded. Your insurance premium is most commonly included in your closing costs, so make sure you don’t pay for it upfront.
The amount of your insurance premium is determined by the type of coverage needed:
- Replacement versus actual cash value of items in your house
- Replacement versus actual cash value of dwelling coverage
- Deductible amount
- Security system, deadbolts and smoke alarms
- Discounts may be given if you use the same insurer for your auto insurance
Please remember that flood and earthquake damage are not covered by a standard homeowner policy. You may need to buy a separate policy to cover those types of risks and is depended on the likelihood of occurrence in your area.
A survey will provide a graphic account of the property you are purchasing. It will show the structure fence line, boundary lines, encroachments, and easements of the property. The buyer customarily pays for the survey, but the cost can be negotiated if the property includes acreage. Sometimes the home seller’s existing survey can be recertified and used again by the new buyer.
Final Details :
During these final few days, you will need to finish up any last minute details to ensure that you get the keys to your house the day of closing. This is an exciting time, so try to relax and enjoy the process knowing that your new house is just around the corner. Below are a few last-minute things that you will encounter.
Closing time is the date and time set aside for you to come in and sign the paperwork. Your real estate agent will coordinate the time and date convenient for you and the title company. As a buyer, you may want to close near the end of the month, so that you will minimize the number of days you must pay pre-paid interest. The other consideration is that most closings are scheduled for the last day of the month. A wiser strategy might be to close three days prior to the end of the month.
Funding occurs when all papers have been signed and all conditions have been met. Funding may occur on the day of the closing or the next day. Careful planning will ensure that all expectations have been met. You will not receive the keys for the premises until the loan has been funded, so plan to close early when there are definite time constraints.
After funding, your real estate consultant will give you the keys to the property and you will officially own your new home. Now all you need to find some good friends to help you move in!
Questions about any of the government loan programs available today in Tennessee? USDA Mortgage Source is the nations leading Government loan resource – just submit the short Info Request Form on this page for quick service. You can also call us 7 days a week at ph: 800-743-7556
Serving Tennessee home buyers: Memphis, Nashville, Knoxville, Chattanooga, Clarksville, Murfreesboro, Jackson, Franklin, Johnson City, Bartlett, Hendersonville, Kingsport, Collierville, Cleveland, Smyrna, Germantown, Humbolt, Brentwood, Belle Meade, Germantown, Bartlett, Collierville, Spring Hill, Maryville, Farragut, Hendersonville, Franklin, Oakland, Tusculum, Atoka, Ridgeside, Nolensville, Arlington